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Unformatted text preview: 6. Religious Organization 6.1. Main Gods and Goddesses: Ch'eng-Huang: God of moats and walls. Chu Jung: God of fire. Kuan Ti: God of war. Kwan Yin: Goddess of mercy and compassion. Lei Kun: God of thunder. Shi-Tien Yen-Wang: The Lords of Death, the ten rulers of the underworld. Yu-Huang-Shang-Ti: Father Heaven. 6.2. Priesthood (Role and Functions): Sons of Heaven: the most important social position in the ancient China. The aristocracy, the royal family. States Functionaries: Mandarins, astrologists, and censors. Black Haired Town (dominated classes): Farmers, retailers and artisans. Slaves and war prisoners. 6.3. Temples: Sky Temple: is the biggest temple of its kind in China and the biggest auditory dedicated to the sky too. Constructed by the emperor Ming Yong Lee about the 1402 and 1420. White Horse Temple: constructed about the year 62 by the emperor Ming Di, in honour of two Indian monks. First temple of Buddhism. Xiangguo Temple: constructed in 555. It is one of the ten famous temples in Chinese history and plays an important role in the development of Buddhism in China. Kong Miao Temple: The Temple started as three houses in the year of 478 BC, the second year after the death of Confucius. Each year as Confucianism became the standard of Chinese culture, the scale of the Temple was expanded accordingly. 6.4. Rituals and Ceremonies: Mudra: Mudras are ritual, non-verbal hand movements and gestures used in Hindu and Buddhist religious ceremonies. Kung Hsi Fa Tsai (Chinese new year): from the 24of the lunar month number 12, begins a series of rituals with the folkloric and popular beliefs of China people. Spring Festival: a national three-day holiday 7. Writing Systems: 7.1. Type of Writing (Name and Main Characetristics): Putonghua (Mandarin standard). The chines writing system is attributed to Fu- Shi, a legendary emperor. It has a logographic origin. It consist of thousands of symbols called hnz, used at least for 3 millennia as the writing system in China. 7.2. Type of Writing Instruments: Bones, turtle shells, bamboo, paper, ink, chisel....
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This note was uploaded on 06/12/2011 for the course LENGUAS 131 taught by Professor Mm during the Spring '11 term at UNAM MX.
- Spring '11