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traduccion d 14 - C Theory of translation The translator...

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C. Theory of translation The translator frequently has problems with words, which seem to be equivalent from SL to TL, but whose range of possible meaning is different from one language to the other. For the novice translator this problem poses many traps. One of them occurs when a bilingual dictionary it used to try to find equivalent words from SL to TL. Bilingual dictionaries simply list word equivalencies, without defining ranges of meaning and areas of overlap with other meanings. False cognates frequently involve problems with lexical mismatches. These sometimes develop because the word evolved differently in each language from a single etymological root or perhaps because the similarity is only coincidental and there is no linkage at all between the words. In order to avoid this problem we can use a helpful device, which derived from linguistic theory: semantic mapping. It means drawing a diagram of the range of meaning of one or more words in ways that will help us avoid traps of the kind mentioned above. The simplest form of semantic mapping is within one language to show how a word can include several others within its meaning.
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