2 - premed student is going to cheat on his exam. According...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Utilitarianism is a theory that focuses on the rightness or consequences of one's actions for the well-being of the greatest number of people. Two forms of utilitarianism exist: rule and act. Act utilitarianism focuses on the consequences of the act. It has no concerns for the rules of each action. An action is considered good if the action results in the well-being of the greatest number of people. On the other hand, it is considered bad if it results in unhappiness. Rule utilitarianism focuses on following a general set of rules that are moral when they conform to the actions that lead to the greatest good. An action would be considered good if it conforms to the rule which would produce the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people. This focus is not concerned with the consequences, but instead of following a predefined rule. Generally, Rule Utilitarianism permotes the best results for the greatest number of people, as its focus is long term and not mearly on the consequences. For example, let us pretend that a
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: premed student is going to cheat on his exam. According to act utilitarianism, the consequence is that the student will pass the exam and the class. The act of cheating did maximize happiness as the student is happy, his parents will be happy and the school will be happy because thier percentage of passing students is increased. However, is cheating good even though it promotes the greatest amount of happiness? As a rule utilitarianism, if you consider the general rule that cheating is bad, then the answer is no. For instance, what if this student passes this exam and the exam is testing knowledge on CPR. A week later this student is shopping at a grocery store and a customer passes out. The student should know CPR, but does not. Therefore, cheating produced the greatest number of unhappiness. The general rule of cheating is bad should have been followed. Many variables and scenerios exist that...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 06/12/2011 for the course PHIL 105 taught by Professor Beaudoin,j during the Spring '08 term at Northern Illinois University.

Page1 / 2

2 - premed student is going to cheat on his exam. According...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online