acidbase1rs - Solomons Study Notes General Chemistry CHE...

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S olomon’s Study Notes General Chemistry CHE 131/129 Fall 2008 Final Exam Solomon Weiskop PhD [ ] Review Sheet
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Study Notes & Practice Problems are available to print out by registering at www.solomonlinetutor.com Solomon Weiskop PhD Solomon’s CHE 1 31/129 Tutoring © Copyright 2008
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1 1. Arrhenius Definition of Acids & Bases Acid generates H + (H 3 O + ) when dissolved in water [ H + = a proton ] Base generates OH - when dissolved in water H 3 O + hydronium OH - hydroxide .
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2 Six Metal Hydroxides that are Strong Arrhenius Bases : NaOH LiOH KOH Ca(OH) 2 Ba(OH) 2 Sr(OH) 2 Six Strong Acids (in Water) HCl hydrochloric acid H 2 SO 4 sulfuric acid HBr hydrobromic acid HNO 3 nitric acid HI hydroiodic acid HClO 4 perchloric acid Any acid that is not one of those six is automatically a weak acid. 2. Neutralization Reactions When you mix an Arrhenius base and an Arrhenius acid in aqueous solution you produce a salt and water: ???? + ±?°? → ²?³? + ´???? Example: strong base strong acid µ?¶· + ·¸³ µ?¸³ + · ¹ (Balanced Chemical Equation) · + ??º + ¶· ??º → · ¹ ( » ) (Net Ionic Equation for Strong Acid and Strong Base) To completely neutralize an acid and a base you need equal amounts of H + and OH - ¼ · + = ¼ ¶· that will then react with each other completely and form nice gentle water (and a salt) with no excess acid or base left over . strong base weak acid µ?¶· + ·½ µ?½ + · ¹ (Balanced Chemical Equation) ·½ ??º + ¶· ??º → ½ ??º + · ¹ ( » ) (Net Ionic Equation for Strong Base and Weak Acid)
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3 3. Bronsted Definition of Acids & Bases
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This note was uploaded on 06/12/2011 for the course CHE 132 taught by Professor Hanson during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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acidbase1rs - Solomons Study Notes General Chemistry CHE...

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