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Clodius - • 49 Civil War begins o Caesar marches...

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Clodius Killed Leads to violence in Rome Burning of the Senate Houst Titus Annius Milo Put on trial on 52 Pompey was elected sole Consul [dictator] Cicero Cicero delivers a speech badly (nervous about troops / political tensions) in defense of Milo Milo was found guilty and sent to exile Cicero refers to Pompey since he is important Cicero’s speech o Calls attention to Rome’s violence o Violent mob supports Cloudius over Milo and vice versa o Justifiable homicide Civil unrest between elite competition 56 – Luca – First triumvirate renewed and Caesar given 5 year leadership Tension between Pompey and Caesar Caesar forced to run for consul to avoid prosecution [Pompey stops fighting for Caesar] Pompey given commission to raise troops of state against Caesar 49 – Attempts to compromise (brought Marc Anthony as tribune) SCU (Senatus Consultum Ultimatum) Could do whatever they wanted to get rid of Caesar 49 - Caesar crosses Rubicon into Roman Italian territory o “Alea iacta est” – The die have been cast
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Unformatted text preview: • 49 - Civil War begins! o Caesar marches southward towards Italy with Clementia Clemency (didn’t punish Pompey supporters on the way) • Pompey had lots of supporters at the East o Raised Greek allies against Caesar o Left to East but left his money! • Early 40’s – Caesar was superior general than Pompey • Caesar goes to Spain first and defeats Pompeyans • Back to Italy and then East • Battle of Dracium – Pompey’s only real chance • 48 – Caesar definitive victor • Pompey flees to Egypt to Ptolemy XIII, but Ptolemy’s men kill him on the shore of Egypt • Caesar arrives and is greeted warmly, shown Pompey’s head, and Caesrar seems disappointed since he believed in peace • Pompey’s men continue to fight (Cato Uticensis commits suicide b/c can’t work under Caesar in North Africa) • Battles of Thapsus and Munda • Caesar has an affair and child with Cleopatra! •...
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