In the first place,metallic veins in this country are generally harder than thesurrounding strata: hence, during the gradual wear of the hills,they project above the surface of the ground. Excepting what was discovered at that time, scarcely anything wasknown about this large river. transported in roots. 982, andhad an internal diameter of . Captain Fitz Roy gave up theattempt to get westward by the outside coast. The cardoon is as high as a horse's back, but the Pampasthistle is often higher than the crown of the rider's head. It is on record that three times nearly all the inhabitantshave been obliged to emigrate to the south. He had already procured a little heap of them for his dinner, andhe said that he had constantly been in the habit of waiting by thiswell for the same purpose. Hand specimens fail to give a just ideaof these brown burnished stones which glitter in the sun's rays. The great corral, where the animals are kept for slaughter tosupply food to this beef-eating population, is one of thespectacles best worth seeing. Inthat direction there are a few small villages, where theinhabitants, having more water, are enabled to irrigate a littleland, and raise hay, on which the mules and asses, employed incarrying the saltpetre, are fed. In a troop each animal carries on a level road,a cargo weighing 416 pounds (more than 29 stone), but in amountainous country 100 pounds less; yet with what delicate slimlimbs, without any proportional bulk of muscle, these animalssupport so great a burden! The mule always appears to me a mostsurprising animal. The wind on the crest of the Peuquenes, as just remarked, isgenerally impetuous and very cold: it is said to blow steadily fromthe westward or Pacific side. During the breeding season, when the male andfemale are together, the male utters a hoarse roar or bellowing,which, it is said, can be heard at the distance of more than ahundred yards. in Chile. At SanNicolas I first saw the noble river of the Parana. Near Keeling Atoll, in the Indian Ocean, I observed many littlemasses of confervae a few inches square, consisting of longcylindrical threads of excessive thinness, so as to be barelyvisible to the naked eye, mingled with other rather larger bodies,finely conical at both ends. A number of nests are placed soclose together as to form one great mass of sticks.
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- Spring '20
- Falkland Islands