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Unformatted text preview: Incorporating Statistics, Graphs, and Illustrations Charts, graphs, statistics, illustrations, and other visuals strengthen and support arguments in your research paper in the following ways: By presenting data simply and clearly By presenting numerical relationships visually By capturing your readers attention Types of Visuals You may use different types of visuals in a research paper, including the following: Charts and Graphs Pie chart : Illustrates the entirety of something divided into parts Gantt chart : Displays a schedule or timeline as a bar chart Flow chart : Shows the order of steps in a process Example: http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTMC_97.htm Horizontal bar graph : Uses rectangular bars to compare two or more values Vertical bar graph : Uses rectangular bars to compare two or more values Line graph : Uses points to create a line in order to show comparisons Tables Purpose: Arranges data in rows and columns Example: See Ch. 1 in Axia Colleges Writing Style Handbook at https://ecampus.phoenix.edu/secure/aapd/CWE/pdfs/Axiawriting_style_handbook.pdf Illustrations Timeline : Shows a sequence of events, such as historical or scientific events Example: http://www.microsoft.com/education/timelinesword.mspx Drawings : Conveys information that is better understood visually, for example, a political cartoon, a map, or a drawing to illustrate parts of a tool or a piece of technology Example: http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/telephone1.htm Pictures or art : Visually convey a powerful image Example: http://www.axiacollege.com/how-axia-college-works.asp Selecting Appropriate Visuals You must use visuals sparingly to maximize their effectapproximately one to three visuals in...
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- Spring '11