com220_week6_reading1

com220_week6_reading1 - Drafting Your Research Paper...

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Drafting Your Research Paper Drawing Readers In As you begin to write the rough draft of your paper, think critically about how you might draw your readers into your argument in a compelling way. Consider how to create a rapport with the audience; for example, what areas of agreement may already exist between you and your readers? Revisit the audience analysis and purpose you wrote in the beginning. Is your audience still the same? What do your audience members need in order to draw them into your topic? If you are writing about a topic, and surveys show the majority of Americans do not agree with your point of view, you must introduce your topic diplomatically. That way, you do not immediately create negative emotions in your audience members that might prevent them from reading your paper. Types of Introductions One way to draw in the audience is to first grab readers’ attention with the introduction. Consider opening your paper in one of the following ways: Tell a story or an anecdote. If you have personal experience in this area, you could tell a story about yourself or someone you know. Example: Last year, approximately 3,400 adult non-smokers died from lung cancer due to secondhand smoke. Provide a short, famous quotation. Example: “Do not smoke without asking permission or sit so near (as in a train) that the smoke might annoy.” –Amy Vanderbilt (1908-1974) Write as if your position will argue the other side of the topic. Example: Smoking is not illegal and is still a right for Americans to exercise. Ask a question. Example: Are you aware that secondhand smoke is now a known cause of cancer in humans? Share an interesting point about the subject. Example: Smoke from cigarettes can linger in the air for hours, even after a smoker extinguishes the cigarette. Do not make your case too forcefully, especially in the beginning, or too emotionally because these approaches may alienate readers. On the other hand, if you present ideas in a fair, balanced, and logical way, your readers may be more inclined to read your paper even if they do not agree with your position. Besides attracting a reader’s attention, an introduction might serve one or all of the following purposes:
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com220_week6_reading1 - Drafting Your Research Paper...

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