Sociology exam 2

Sociology exam 2 - Suicide, Durkheim, and Gaines Durkheim...

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Suicide, Durkheim, and Gaines • Durkheim had 3 larger goals in his study of suicide. What were they? 1. Sociology is a science 2. Social facts are real 3. Suicide as a problem of solidarity. • Be able to recognize social facts. Think of some social facts and compare them to facts that are not social. A social fact is the social structures and cultural norms and values that are external to the individual Religious beliefs and language would be social facts while being a citizen, or something inherited would be not social. • What does Durkheim say are the characteristics of social facts? What are some of his examples? Externality: Will not disappear after generations. We learn social facts from the outside, such as schooling and teachers. Constraints : Forces us to obey social facts, and corrects the wrong. Collectivity : Generalities, everyone in society follows these social facts. Independence : Social facts are not changeable by 1 person. You cannot change other people’s views, opinions, beliefs, etc. Social facts exist at the collective level Social facts exist at the social level • What are the dilemmas of fatherhood that Gerson talks about and what are their effects? Married people should want kids o Children offer emotional compensation o Kids provide opportunity to work less o Children stabilize marriages o Egalitarian (equalizes men and women so they both are responsible for the child) model for children Men are public o Men go out to work Women are private o Women stay home • What does Durkheim mean when he talks about the “coercive power” of social facts? o Social facts exist at a social and external level. • What holds traditional societies/groups together? Modern societies/groups?
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Traditional (Simple/Mechanic) societies/groups: Traditional groups are simple people They share the same ideas Ex: People who grow their own food and live independent lives Traditional people follow unwritten/informal rules. Modern (Organic/Complex) societies/groups: Complex people Need each other to survive Ex: Modern people would go to a market to buy food, so they are dependent of farmers. Modern societies are held together by formal/written rules, and labor and division. Be able to recognize examples of the 4 types of suicide we discussed. What are the characteristics of the 4 types of suicide that we discussed? Altruistic:
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Sociology exam 2 - Suicide, Durkheim, and Gaines Durkheim...

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