U09 Social Support New

U09 Social Support New - SocialSupport SocialSupport...

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Social Support Social Support Sociology 320 Spring 2009
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2 Overview Overview Fear Affiliation Research Mechanisms of Affiliation Social Support Definitions Gender & the Broken Heart Effect Applications & Pet Research
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3 Early Research  Early Research  Stanley Schachter Isolation produces fear Perhaps being with others reduces anxiety Dr. Zilstein Experiments Shock paradigm similar to Milgram High Fear Group:  “Let me be honest, this is going to hurt, but it is for the good of humanity” Low Fear Group:  “You will feel electrical currents, this won’t hurt, but it may tickle a bit” Measure level of fear, then 10 minute wait Do you wait alone or with other people?
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4 50 60 70 High Fear Low Fear       Results Results
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5 Why is fear reduced in  Why is fear reduced in  the presence of  the presence of  others? others?       New Question New Question
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6 Mechanism 1 Mechanism 1 Social Comparison Actors need to  evaluate evaluate  their abilities When  uncertain uncertain  we compare ourselves to others  Are we stronger… more scared…not scared enough Research:  Milz & Mintz 1972 Ambiguity   Social Comparison   Affiliation Administer big dose of caffeine (no doz) C1:  “You will be hyper” C2:  “You will be sleepy” C3:  “This will increase pain threshold” Which group is most ambiguous?
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7 Results: Results: 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Hyper Sleepy Placebo Expected Feeling
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8 Mechanism 2 Mechanism 2 Classical Conditioning Fundamental mechanism of learning
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This note was uploaded on 06/15/2011 for the course SOCY 320 taught by Professor Thye during the Fall '08 term at South Carolina.

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U09 Social Support New - SocialSupport SocialSupport...

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