U10 Attraction

U10 Attraction - FriendshipProcesses FriendshipProcesses...

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Friendship Processes Friendship Processes Dr. Pamela Emanuelson Dr. Pamela Emanuelson Fall 2009 Fall 2009 SOCY320 SOCY320
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2 Overview Overview Theories of Attraction Social Network Analysis Balance Theory Structural Balance Theory
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3 Making Friends Making Friends What factors determined whether  you liked a new dorm or  roommate?  Individual characteristics Relational Characteristics
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4 Common Wisdom  Common Wisdom  Birds of a feather flock  together. Old friends, like old  shoes, are best. You choose your  friends, fate chooses  your relatives. Absence makes the  heart grow fonder. Opposites attract. Familiarity breeds  contempt. Blood is thicker than  water. Out of sight, out of  mind.
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5 Trends in Attraction Trends in Attraction Homophily  Pool of Available Routine Activity Proximity Mere Exposure Effect Physical Attractiveness
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6 Theories of Attraction  Theories of Attraction  Learning theory – liking is associated  with pleasure and disliking with pain Proximity leads to more positive feedback.  Homophily – more rewarding to interact  with others that have similar interests. Self-reinforcement and positive identity
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7 Theories of Attraction  Theories of Attraction  Exchange Theory Individuals tend to choose most profitable  relationships Partners in most stable relationships  receive about the same profits.  Matching hypothesis Analysis of 800 singles adds show support
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8 Exchange Processes Exchange Processes If a person initiates interaction is  determined by two evaluative  standards: Comparison level (CL) – A certain  minimum level of outcomes that a person  expects based on experience in past  relationships. Comparison level for alternatives – The  lowest level of outcomes a person will  accept in light of available alternatives. 
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9 Physical Attractiveness Physical Attractiveness More attractive people, more desirable Men randomly paired with a date, preferred more  attractive partners Attractiveness Stereotype – The belief  that what is beautiful is good. Snyder (1977) – Men shown picture of attractive or  unattractive woman.  Interacted with the same  woman via a intercom for 10 minute. Men that saw  the attractive photo rated the woman as more  friendly, likable and sociable. Judges that heard tape  recordings of these conversations rated the men as  being kinder and more open when speaking with the  “attractive” person. 
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10 Determinants of Liking Determinants of Liking Beliefs about similarity Relative rewards of friendship Necessity of friendship Relational – Beliefs about the other’s  feelings.
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U10 Attraction - FriendshipProcesses FriendshipProcesses...

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