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U03 Methods - ResearchMethods ResearchMethods...

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Research Methods Research Methods Professor Shane Thye Sociology 320 Spring 2006
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2 Overview Overview From Theory to Method Requirements of Causation Logic of Correlational Designs Logic of Experimental Designs Confounds & Validity Experimenter Effects
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3 From Theory to Method  From Theory to Method  THEORETICAL WORLD: Assumption:                       High Status                           Norm Violation Scope:     The theory applies to strangers working on a collective task CONNECTIONS: Initial Conditions:       (1) Professor is an instance of high status        (2) Interruption is an instance of norm violation EMPIRICAL WORLD: Hypothesis:      Professors should interrupt students more often than                      the converse Methods:          Survey professors & students                     Observe classroom interactions            Create interaction among professors & students
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4 Did You Know…  Did You Know…  There is a strong positive correlation between the number  of churches in a town and the number of bars!!         Bars Churches Number of Churches Number of Bars Plausible Explanations:
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5 Did You Know…  Did You Know…  There is a strong positive correlation between mothers who drink  bottled water and having a healthy baby 9 months later!! Bottled Water Healthy Babies     Bottled Water Babies Health Plausible Explanations:
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6 Did You Know…  Did You Know…  There is a strong positive correlation between how fast a  person speaks and their ability to persuade others!!   Persuasion   Speech  Rate        Rate of Speech Persuasion Plausible Explanations:
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7 Did You Know…  Did You Know…  There is a strong positive correlation between ice  cream sales and the number of drowning!!
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