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HUEC4071test1 - TaylorWright 1 Exam1 HUEC 4071 Chapter 2...

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Taylor Wright Exam 1 HUEC 4071 Chapter 2- the ancient Middle East . Roots of western civilization found in area around Mediterranean Sea. Ancient world: (c. 3000 BC- AD 300) st civilization in Middle East. Minoan- island of Crete Mycenaean- mainland Greece Dorian’s- dark ages of Greece Classical Greek Etruscans- north of Rome (central Italy) Romans- Italian peninsula Early Sumerian 3500-2500 BC Assyrian 100-600 BC Mesopotamia civilization greater diversity. - specialized crops, nomadic herders. - Greater outside influences - Invaders incorporate new ideas into older culture. Egyptian civilization slow to change - Same climate & geography. - Fewer outside influences - Differences in dress: - Egyptians love clarity of form in life & art - heavy fabrics, patterns, elaborate fringes - Mesopotamia historical background - Between rivers Tigris & Euphrates. - Southern part- towns & cities - Developed increasingly complex social organization. Mesopotamian cultures Sumerians 3500-2800 BC - Developed form of writing ( kufic) allowed them to keep records - Codify laws, transmit knowledge - No strong political organization - Loose confederation of city states. Babylonians 2000-1700 BC - Created autocratic state - King Hammurabi famous for his code of law, covering every facet of life. (influenced Middle East law codes) 1
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Taylor Wright Exam 1 Assyrians 1000-612 BC - 1 st great military machine standing army, iron swords - Cruel, feared, hated Neo-Babylonians, Chaldeans- 612-539 BC - Destroyed Nineveh, capital of Assyria - Known for luxury, wealth, astronomers Persians 539-0 BC - Mesopotamian social structure - Social classes clearly defined: 1. Nobility - far above rest of society 2. Free men - intermediate class of artisans, tradesmen, lesser public official, laborers 3. The poor (worth little)- farmers 4. Slaves (worth nothing)- foreign captives, wives & kids sold into slavery to meet debts. - Patriarchal family structure: 1. Subordinate position of women 2. Kids have no legal rights. (Mesopotamia) - Garments likely WOOL - main products & traded - but less important that wool - Fabrics, decorations complex Mesopotamia summary - Clothing designed not to compliment body BUT to COVER it - Wool (warm, bulky) primary fiber for clothing 1. Linen * cotton used later periods. -
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HUEC4071test1 - TaylorWright 1 Exam1 HUEC 4071 Chapter 2...

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