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Theater 1020 EXAM 2

Theater 1020 EXAM 2 - Theater1020EXAM2 Taylor Wright Fall...

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Theater 1020 EXAM 2 17:21 Taylor Wright- Fall 2009 9/21/2009 Session Nine Medieval and Renaissance Theatre  The Middle Ages Rome fell in 476. Germanic Tribes decimated the empire Scholarship and education suffered, leading to a lack of historical information The Black Death in the 14 th  century killed about one third of Europes population. Feudalism- a class system featuring a hierarchy of kings, lords, vassals, serfs, etc.  The Medieval Theatre The church instituted a ban on the theatre. Performing art survived in three ways: o Mimes- descended from Roman mimes, comedic o Pub singers- sung about ancient heroes in taverns o Court singers- same as pub, except for royalty. o Scops- storytellers, sometimes in troupes, traveled around Europe.
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o Tournaments- noblemen would hold jousting tournaments for knights for the amusement  of the public.  The church began to develop theatrical practices to better instruct its laity.  o Earliest form- a cross that was covered and uncovered on Easter weekend. o Ethewold, Bishop of Winchester- added stage directions and dialogue to biblical lessons,  using priests as actors.  The Seventh Seal - Ingmar  Bergman, 1957 -everyone was dying all around. Medieval Theatre (continued) Religious plays came in three types: o Mystery Plays: Lives and miracles of Biblical figures o Miracle Plays: Lives of the saints o Morality Plays: Allegorical lessons Hrosvitha- German nun, first documented woman playwright, had plays produced  in church.  Comedies were written that incorporated Biblical stories into Roman-style comedic situations.  Cycles o Towns organized the guilds to produce parts of the Bible. o Each guild would perform at a different part of the town, and audiences would travel  along a route Mansions-small houses that served as scenery for liturgical plays, an outgrowth of the skene. o Elaborate scenic effects were developed: Costume pieces: masks, wings, animals, features
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Special Effects: Hell Mouth, flying, jumping heads, talking animals.  The Renaissance The church became less powerful, resulting in greater artistic freedom Advances in technique led to a more realistic style of painting, and more realistic scenery. The printing press led to increased distribution of ideas, including the writing of Aristotle.   Italian Renaissance Theatre Commedia Dell’ Arte o Slapstick comedy that originated in the 1500s o Actors played stock character roles, improvising dialogue in familiar situations o Familiar Characters: Harlequin- crafty mischievous servant Pantalone- greedy old rich man Pierro- simple, trusted servant  Scenic Practices o
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