Theater 1020 Final Exam Review

Theater 1020 Final Exam Review - Theater1020FinalExamReview...

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Theater 1020 Final Exam Review 22:31 P.180-202 Death of a Salesman  was directed by Elia Kazan The Birth of Directors For thousands of years, the role of a director was not filled by a single person. o The directors functions were simply tacked on to the duties of playwrights and actors. In ancient Greece, playwrights staged the plays they wrote o The term for these playwright directors was  didaskalos , or teacher, because they not  only wrote the play but also instructed the performers and advised the designers and  technicians.  Elizabethan plays were staged outdoors in the midday sun, so there was no need for a  lighting designer.  o The actors wore costumes that were appropriate to their characters situation and  profession, but no one took into consideration the historial accuracy, so there was  little need for a costume designer.  o The stage was virtually the same for every play When the first theater was built, it was lit with candles o Most of the directing at this time was done by an actor manager., often the plays star. The modern concept of a director didn’t come about until the nineteenth century, when a  new genre of theater called  realism  became popular. Realism o Called for psychologically complex characters, honest acting, and natural looking  sets. o Played off the worldwide scientific, social, and philosophical movements of the day. At the end of the century came the invention of the electric lights The first modern director- George II, The Duke of Saxe-Meiningen 
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o The ruler of a small German state. Moscow Art Theater o Stanislavsky was so impressed by the dukes staging that he used many of his  directing techniques here. o
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Theater 1020 Final Exam Review - Theater1020FinalExamReview...

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