progressive movement - notes

progressive movement - notes - Progressive Movement...

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Progressive Movement 1890s-WWI Progressives: – diverse group – different classes, races, regions - response to the industrial revolution – Industrialization, urbanization, immigration, corporate expansion, political corruption, labor issues – safety, child labor, wages - optimistic about the possibility of change - At times - self-righteous and moralistic - looking for a new social consciousness - advocated a more active govt in response to social and political and economic ills - not a unified movement – instead, communities of reformers forming various political, professional, and religious organizations Basic Issues: - excesses of industrial capitalism and urban growth – largely in town and cities - not revolutionary - believed in using the democratic institutions at their disposal – the vote, the courts, legislature to address social and political problems. - emphasized cooperation, social cohesion, and common bonds as a way to understand society, - believed that being socially and politically active was a moral responsibility. - wanted an expansion of the legislative and regulatory policies of the state Inspiration: - evangelical Protestantism – particularly late 19th century social gospel movement – social gospelers rejected original sin and instead emphasized their duty as Christians to rid the world of poverty, vice, inequality and greed - Many progressive activists relied on natural and social scientists to come up with more rational ways of dealing with social problems. They believed in professionalism and the reliability of experts ***Combination of social justice and social control – setting a precedent for American reform for the twentieth century. Key Groups:
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- Journalists –expose the poverty and inequality of urban life, political corruption and the plight of the industrial worker. - Sociologists, philosophers, and even lawyers were starting to challenge the traditional ways of doing things o – Sociologist Frank Ward claimed the Social Darwinism was a flawed theory that tried to equate organic evolution – a natural process that took into account genetics and was a unpredictable process – with social evolution – something that was constructed and manipulated by human beings o – Philosopher John Dewey criticized the pedagogical approaches of teachers and professors and stressed the need to focus on creative intelligence o – Louis Brandeis introduced sociological jurisprudence using statistical, sociological, and economic data to argue his cases – not just legal documents and
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progressive movement - notes - Progressive Movement...

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