Cell Physiology - BY101 BY101 CELLPHYSIOLOGY CELLPHYSIOLOGY Department ofBiology 1 TopicObjectives 1 reactions 2 3 Knowthefou

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1 BY 101        CELL PHYSIOLOGY                                   BY 101        CELL PHYSIOLOGY   Department of Biology
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2 Topic Objectives 1. Understand the differences in the basic types of chemical  reactions 2. Understand the basic structure of enzymes and how and why  their function is so important in chemical reactions 3. Know the four types of macromolecules 4. Know the basic structure of protein molecules 5. Know the basic structure of amino acids and how they are  involved in protein structure; understand peptide bonds 6. Know the four basic protein structures 7. Nucleic Acids – understand the basic structures of DNA and  RNA and the structural differences between the two 8. Know the structure of the five different nucleotides used in  nucleic acid composition 9. Know the basic structure of a carbohydrate molecule 10. Know the differences between monosaccharides,  disaccharides, and polysaccharides 11. Understand glycosidic bonds
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3 Topic Objectives 12.  Understand the basic structure of lipids and how it differs from  the other three macromolecules 13.  Know the basic structure of triglycerides and how structure of   plant and animal fats differ; what is saturation in triglycerides  13.  How is the structure of phospholipids similar to triglycerides;  what is the basic function 1. Know the basic structure of adenosine triphosphate and its  function 2. Know the basic chemical reaction for cellular respiration;  know the three chemical reactions that compose cellular  respiration   a. glycolysis   b. Krebs cycle   c. electron transport system 1. Glycolysis – understand the mechanism by which  macromolecules are broken down; know how coenzymes are  involved; know the reactants and end products
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4 Topic Objectives 19.  Krebs Cycle – understand the relationship between the Krebs  cycle and glycolysis; follow the breakdown of pyruvate  through the process; know the reactants and end products 1. Electron transport system – know the relationship to the Krebs cycle and glycolysis; know the reactants and end  products; understand how the net production of ATP’s by  cellular respiration 21.  Photosynthesis – know the purpose of this energy-related  process; know the components required for this process;  understand the purpose of the light-dependent and light- independent reactions; understand how physical light is  converted into biochemical light
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5 Types of chemical reactions Anabolic:   A + B   AB                         reactants     end product                       small reactants to larger end product This type of organic chemical reaction usually 
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This note was uploaded on 06/15/2011 for the course BY 101 taught by Professor Davidjenkins during the Fall '09 term at University of Alabama at Birmingham.

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Cell Physiology - BY101 BY101 CELLPHYSIOLOGY CELLPHYSIOLOGY Department ofBiology 1 TopicObjectives 1 reactions 2 3 Knowthefou

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