Heart - BY101 CardiovascularSystem Department ofBiology 1...

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1 Department of Biology BY 101      Cardiovascular System 
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2 Topic Objectives 1. When does the system begin development in an embryo? 2. What are the primary functions of the cardiovascular system? 3. The three components of the system include blood, blood  vessels and the heart; understand their general structure and  functions 4. Blood is composed of liquid and cellular components 5. What are the three types of cells found in blood? 6. What are the physical characteristics of blood? 7. What are the primary characteristics of red blood cells? 8. What is the importance of hemoglobin in blood? 9. Compare the characteristics of red blood cells vs. white blood  cells 10. Understand the cascade of chemical reactions involved in  blood coagulation
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3 Topic Objectives 1. Understand blood typing for the ABO and Rh groups; when is  knowing the Rh blood type of critical importance? 2. What are the five different types of blood vessels?  What are  their general functions? 3. How do blood vessels help control the rate of blood flow  through the cardiovascular system? 4. Understand the difference between what controls blood flow  in arteries, arterioles, and capillaries vs. venules and veins 5. What is blood pressure?  What are the two measurements? 6. Understand the method by which blood pressure is measured 7. Why are abnormal blood pressures dangerous? 8. What are the structures and functions of the lymphatic  system?  How is it associated with the cardiovascular  system?
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4 Topic Objectives 1. Understand the anatomy of the heart.  What are the four  heart chambers?  What are the four blood vessels that carry  blood into and out of the heart? 2. What valves are found in the heart?  Why are they important?   How are these valves related the the heart sounds? 3. What is ischemic heart disease? 4. Understand the following diseases: coronary artery disease;  thrombosis; embolism; atherosclerosis 5. What can cause atherosclerosis?  How can plaque be  produced in arteries? 6. What are the risk factors for coronary artery disease?  How  can it be diagnosed and treated?  7. Understand the relationship between LDL and HDL
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5 Development and Function Starts development during the third week of  embryonic period During this embryonic period of eight weeks,  the blood of the mother and embryo mix After eight weeks the fetal period begins during  which the circulatory systems are separated  with no further mixing The primary function of the cardiovascular  system is transport, with  homeostasis  being  one of the primary results.
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6 Components of the  Cardiovascular System Blood : Blood vessels : Heart :
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This note was uploaded on 06/15/2011 for the course BY 101 taught by Professor Davidjenkins during the Fall '09 term at University of Alabama at Birmingham.

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Heart - BY101 CardiovascularSystem Department ofBiology 1...

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