ch 14 sociology notes

ch 14 sociology notes - Ch. 14: Religion I. Introduction...

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Ch. 14: Religion I. Introduction II. Religion, Modernity and Secularization a. McGee’s types of Religion i. Simple supernaturalism : recognizes general supernatural forces but not gods ; superstitions like 13 th floor, black cat ii. Animism : recognizes living spirits in both people and nature -Native Americans iii. Theism : centers on a belief in a god or gods 1. polytheism : belief in multiple gods 2. monotheisms : belief in a single god -Judaism, Christianity, Islam iv. Transcendent idealism : centers on sacred principles of thought and conduct b. Modernity and Secularization i. Secularization : the social process by which religious influences on thought and behavior are reduced and/or relegated to a separate sphere of influence ii. Fundamentalism : belief in the timeless nature and universal application of sacred beliefs iii. Civil religion- combines sacred principles with patriotism III. Defining Religion a. Durkheim, Elementary Forms of Religious Life (1912)
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i. Sacred : those things regarded as part of the supernatural and
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ch 14 sociology notes - Ch. 14: Religion I. Introduction...

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