ch 16 sociology notes - Soc 100 - Ferrante 22:03:09...

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Soc 100 - Ferrante Ch 16 - Social Change 1 22:03:09 22:03:09 I. Introduction A. Definition: Social change is a significant alteration in the structure of society over time. B. Rate of social change II. Theories of Social Change A. Lenskis’ Sociocultural Evolution: 1. Overview - societies change in relation to prevailing technologies 2. Hunting and Gathering Societies 1. small primary groups; oldest form of social organization 2. kinship is the dominant institution 3. simple social structure 4. nomadic 5. account for most of the human experience 3. Horticultural and Pastoral Societies 1. relied on hoe cultivation and the domestication of plants or animals people realized that they didn’t have to follow food but could grow it 2. emerged 10,000 to 12,000 years ago 3. can produce a surplus, and hence stratification 4. Agrarian Societies 1. rely on the plow and draught animals 2. invention of the plow 5,000 - 6,000 years ago improved cultivation 3. increased surplus and stratification 4. permanent settlements became possible 5. increased surplus and stratification 6. increased specialization 1
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Soc 100 - Ferrante Ch 16 - Social Change
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This note was uploaded on 06/15/2011 for the course SOC 100 taught by Professor Hamilton during the Fall '08 term at University of Alabama at Birmingham.

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ch 16 sociology notes - Soc 100 - Ferrante 22:03:09...

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