SOC 100 Chapter 2 - SOC 100 Chapter 2 I. II. a. b. c. III....

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SOC 100 Chapter 2 I. Introduction Sociology is a science and follows scientific method II. What is theory? Theory-a statement that organizes a set of concepts in a meaningful way by explaining the relationship among them Theory and practice should interrelate a. Functionalism Durkheim and Spencer; society functions as a living organism and is seeking homeostasis Aware that not all functions are obvious Manifest functions - functions that are obvious, intended(higher education is better jobs) Latent functions - may not be intended or stated (higher education to keep people out of job market) Has weaknesses: does not give attention to individual choices, doesn’t explain rapid social change b. Conflict Theory Associated with Marx who borrowed from German philosopher Hagel; thesis -> antithesis -> synthesis -> thesis (limited to class) Opposite of functionalism True consensus does not exist; there will always be conflict Look for inherent conflict to understand relationship
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SOC 100 Chapter 2 - SOC 100 Chapter 2 I. II. a. b. c. III....

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