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SOC 100 Chapter 7 - SOC 100 Chapter 7 I I n t roduction to...

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SOC 100 Chapter 7 I. Introduction to Social Control II. Perspectives on Deviance and Conformity a. Deviance is a behavior that violates social norms and is disapproved of by large numbers of people b. Mores- norms that people define as essential to the well-being of their group c. Folkways- customary ways of doing things that apply to the details of life or routine matters d. Socialization as social control e. Sanctions - rewards for conformity and punishments for nonconformity III. Deviance in Social Context a. Relative nature of deviance- dependent on time period, situation, location, etc b. Durkheim’s view- functionalists say that deviance is necessary IV. Crime and Delinquency a. Crime- a violation of criminal law that is punishable by the state b. Cross-national comparisons- U.S. has one of the highest crime rates in the world; heterogeneity- not everyone has the same beliefs and values which could increase crime rates; U.S. has more handguns and weakest laws than any other country c.
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