POLS Notes 2.24

POLS Notes 2.24 - POLS 1101 Notes 2/15 Gunning Part 2:...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
POLS 1101 Notes 2/15 Gunning Part 2: Linkage Institutions Things that connect citizens to their government Political Parties o 1 st Proto-Parties 1796-1820 Federalists and Republicans Followers of Hamilton and Jefferson Party Newspapers Alliances among interested elites Very few people could vote, mass public rarely involved o Shifting Conditions New states allowed adult men to vote Old states began to eliminate property requirements Large number of potential new voters, but uninvolved Federalist Party collapses, Dem-Republicans win most elections o Who invented modern mass parties? Martin Van Buren o Election of 1824 5 major candidates (J.C. Calhoun drops out to run for V.P.) No candidate receives a majority (Popular vote or Electoral College) US House decides the election
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Andrew Jackson very bitter, feels that he is cheated o Mass Political Parties Build a national coalition behind Andrew Jackson. Organize potential voters in swing states. Organize candidates into a Democratic ticket Have a party convention to lay out the promises of the party o Why Political Parties? Without political parties voter turnout is very low Without political parties voter knowledge is even lower Parties try to enact policy by controlling the government Parties mobile voters to turnout o Calculus of Voting V = (B x P) – C + D Benefits Expected from winning candidate Probability of being decisive voter Cost of time used to go vote o Machine Party Politics 1830s-1890s Best way to increase voter turnout How did machine parties buy votes? Voters could trade their vote for benefits Parties printed straight ticket ballots Parties watched how people voted Parties kept track and rewarded their supports Parties got their money from kickbacks graft and theft Politics becomes very corrupt
Background image of page 2
Did it work? Yes o Progressive Reforms (1890-1920) Secret Ballot Government Prints the Ballot Party Primaries Anti-corruption laws Civil Service expansion o How do modern parties mobilize? Buying votes risky because they might lie. Parties cater to activists with intense policy demands. Polarized parties help create the volunteer base for each and foundation of loyal voters. People who make up both parties are not typical voters. o Party Mobilization Over Time Machine parties mobilized with material incentives. Both parties tended to nominated moderates. Modern parties tend to nominate more extreme candidates and focus on turning out those with strongly held beliefs o Mandatory Voting Some nations consider voting a civic responsibility and require all citizens to vote. Voter turnout is much higher in most other nations of the world
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 13

POLS Notes 2.24 - POLS 1101 Notes 2/15 Gunning Part 2:...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online