Final study guide

Final study guide - Hist. Final Charles I: King of England,...

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Hist. Final Charles I: King of England, King of Scotland , and King of Ireland from March 27, 1625 until his execution in 1649. Engaged in a struggle for power with the Parliament of England. As he was an advocate of the Divine Right of Kings , many in England feared that he was attempting to gain absolute power. There was widespread opposition to many of his actions, especially the levying of taxes without Parliament 's consent. Oliver Cromwell- English military and political leader best known in England for his overthrow of the monarchy and temporarily turning England into a republican Commonwealth and for his rule as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland. Commanders of the New Model Army which defeated the royalists in the English Civil War . After the execution of King Charles I in 1649, Cromwell dominated the short-lived Commonwealth of England , conquered Ireland and Scotland, and ruled as Lord Protector from 1653 until his death in 1658. The Exclusion Crisis- Exclusion Bill Crisis ran from 1678 through 1681 in the reign of Charles II of England . The Exclusion Bill sought to exclude the king's brother and heir presumptive , James, Duke of York , from the throne of England because he was Roman Catholic . The Whigs were opposed to this exclusion, while the Tories supported it. Galileo Galilei- Italian physicist , mathematician , astronomer and philosopher who played a major role in the Scientific Revolution . Viewed that the Earth is at the center of the universe. Isaac Newton- English physicist , mathematician , astronomer , natural philosopher , alchemist , and theologian . published in 1687, is one of the most important scientific books ever written. It lays the groundwork for most of classical mechanics . advancing the Scientific Revolution . Enlightened Absolutism- a form of absolute monarchy in which rulers were influenced by the Enlightenment . allowed religious toleration, freedom of speech and the press, and the right to hold private property. Joseph II (Austria)- Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790 and ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780 to 1790. one of the three great Enlightenment monarchs. Abolished monastic orders and confiscated monastic property. Created Great School Ordinance. Allowed Religious toleration and they can hold offices. Dutch East India Trading Company - a chartered company established in 1602, when the States-General of the Netherlands granted it a 21-year monopoly to carry out colonial activities in Asia. It was the first
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multinational corporation in the world and the first company to issue stock . [1] It was also arguably the world's first megacorporation , possessing quasi-governmental powers, including the ability to wage war, imprison and execute convicts, [2] negotiate treaties, coin money, and establish colonies. [3]
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This note was uploaded on 06/13/2011 for the course HIST 21 taught by Professor Dr during the Spring '11 term at UC Riverside.

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Final study guide - Hist. Final Charles I: King of England,...

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