Chapter 40 notes

Chapter 40 notes - 6/13/11 Basic Principles of subtitle...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 6/13/11 Chapter 40 Basic Principles of Animal form and Function
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6/13/11 Concept 40.1: Animal form and function are correlated at Physical laws, especially physics of exchanging materials with environment, limits range of animal forms.
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6/13/11 exchange in simple organisms Single-celled organisms Exchange material by diffusion Entire plasma membrane is exposed to medium Figure 40.3
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6/13/11 Exchange in Complex Animals Large , complex animals have highly folded or branched internal surfaces specialized for exchanging materials This increases surface area Figure
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6/13/11 Clicker question The organization of the animal body involves a hierarchy of structures. The correct order of this hierarchy from least to most complex is ____. Cells, organs, tissues, organ systems Tissues, cells, organ systems, organs Organs, tissues, cells, organ systems
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6/13/11 Epithelial tissue Covers the outside of the body and lines the organs and cavities within the body Cells are closely joined Figure 40.5
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6/13/11 connective tissue Functions mainly to bind and support other tissues Composed of sparsely packed cells scattered throughout an extracellular matrix Major types Loose connective tissue Figure
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6/13/11 muscle tissue Composed of long cells called muscle fibers capable of contracting in response to nerve Figure
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6/13/11 Nervous tissue Sense stimuli and transmits signals throughout the animal Figure 40.5
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6/13/11 Organ systems Organ systems carry out the major body functions of most animals
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This note was uploaded on 06/13/2011 for the course BIOL 1202 taught by Professor Gregg during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Chapter 40 notes - 6/13/11 Basic Principles of subtitle...

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