ELM 550 Topic 6 DQs.docx - When planning assessments for...

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When planning assessments for your students, why is it important to include both formative and summative assessments? What other factors do you consider when planning for instruction other than assessments? Using both formative and summative assessments in lessons is crucial to monitoring how your students are learning throughout a lesson or unit and to evaluate student learning at the end of said lesson or unit. Formative assessments provide teachers with valuable insight not only into how their students are receiving and understanding the lesson and it’s content, but they help students to identify their strengths and weaknesses while finding areas that need additional work or support (Carnegie Mellon University Eberly Center, 2020). These assessments also help teachers pinpoint which strategies and resources work best for students, and which can be left out of future lessons. In addition, they help teachers to recognize when and where students are struggling, address the problem, and adjust instruction and include differentiation on the fly (Carnegie Mellon University Eberly Center, 2020). Summative assessments are also necessary, as they are the tools to evaluate student learning at the end of a lesson. These types of assessments are accountability measures used as part of the grading process to gauge student learning relative to content standards (Garrison, C. & Ehringhaus, M., n.d.). These assessments can also be used to evaluate the effectiveness of curriculum and teaching strategies, but because they are given at the end of a unit they are not suited for on the fly adjustments. They can, however, provide valuable insight for future lessons and help modify future end-of-unit assessments. Though they both have their own strengths and weaknesses, both

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