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March_12th_and_24th_notes_Pauline_Mar

March_12th_and_24th_notes_Pauline_Mar - March 12th and 24th...

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March 12 th and 24 th Search for Identity: The American Revolution, 1660-1776 I. Tension between dependency and liberty - No such thing as United States of America: have regional differences (13 separate colonies) - Over course of 17 th century, learned how New England communitarians Puritans are possessive like the Puritans in Old England - Rising individualism, violence ) becomes much like the place they had left in the 1630s - By 1700s, end of New England ways (charity for all) irony (Chesapeake developed in opposite direction from New England: white racial solidarity) - Community based and formed by race and commerce in Chesapeake - Race based community were more long lasting than religion - Less competitiveness, materialism in Chesapeake (racial community) - Regional distinctiveness over slavery - Differences among regions, how to converge these regions together? - Move from regionalism to convergence can be understood in tension between British America’s coming of age (rapid colonial economic social development) - Tension between coming of age and dependency on metropolis of mother country - Crisis of identity between quest for liberty and growth of dependency (dependent on identity) - 1660-1776: Are we not Englishman? If not, who are we? What have we become? II. Three Periods of Tension: Anglicization (1660-1745), Imperial Wars (1745-1763), Taxation (1764- 1776) - Convergence of culture, politics, identity, economics - First period : Anglicization – to make or become English in form or character - First crucial event begins in 1660: restoration of monarchy after long parliament rule (1641), English civil war between royalists and Puritans (rebels led by Oliver Cromwell) - Charles the first was beheaded by Cromwell - 1658: decide to bring back Charles’ sons, restore monarchy, Charles II returned to power in 1660 - Charles II brought back on different situation than Charles I (nervous king), whig restoration (controlled
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and dominated by the same people who beheaded Charles I, people who believed in individual liberty) - Group who was bringing back the king were frightened of restoring a king like Charles I (tyrant, fear of taxation) - New kind of powerful monarchy (tyranny was feared), much reduced power - Effort to move outwards wanted to go back and take a close look at American colony (many new restoration colonies, ex: NY controlled by Dutch) - Administrators brought up for custom service, government’s council, duties - Change in bureaucracy, social and cultural change (local and indigenous elite before) - Political operators coming into these colonies (well educated), bring colonies back under thumb of England - Cultural and social effect 3 had a galvanizing effect on the local elites, status anxiety (political operators from England) 2 had to compete with them - Good English politicians by comparing themselves (what do we have to do now to educate ourselves?) - Start to buy same things as political operators, had lots of money so was able to trade with these political operators (able to look like them, must get up to their intellectual development too) - Metropolitan bureaucrats vs. Americans (compete)
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