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Unformatted text preview: Abolitionist Movement 21/04/2009 12:56:00 I. Sectional Extremism over Slavery • Define Polemic • The extreme factional fighting • Political compromise gave way to extremism • It’s a dispute between two parties in opposition • 1776- first period of emancipation in the north- ideals of independence • The British used slavery as argument against America’s ideals of liberty and independence • Jefferson thought slavery was good for both whites and blacks • What to do with the slaves? • If they were freed, they couldn’t live among whites with all these bad feelings- a separation needed to be done, also to stop sexual relations II. Story of Liberia (1800-1830) • Liberia was the focal point of the American Colonial Society • The battle over Missouri in 1819 and 1820 • Agreed to take slaves back to Africa, freed slaves and free men to Liberia – to be repatriated • At this time, most slaves had been in America as long as the Europeans had • The Liberian movement had great support, especially in the upper South- closest to the north, most industrialized, most lost of its slaves through fugitive slaves • Slaves were incredibly valuable- 1807- slave trade ended in America • Economically had a greater stake • The slave owners would be compensated to send them to Liberia • No concern for freedom of blacks, they were no longer African but Americans • The black Americans who did go to Africa were called white blacks by the Africans- they were caught in an in-between world • Now, in Liberia, the elites are the freed slaves that were sent there • Could blacks ever be full citizens, or could they be virtuous- most whites said no...
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- Spring '07
- Government, Liberia, abolitionist movement