Test 1 Notes

Test 1 Notes - Chapter 1 Public and Private Families Social...

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Chapter 1: Public and Private Families Social Mechanism used to determine or predict families Example- “Degree of Education” Contemporary Family “traditional nuclear” Family Leave it to Beaver Family Father Knows Best Dad Bread Winner ; Mom housewife ; Kids 2.3 children Modern Family Context Diversity can either be tolerated or of great concern or as is often the case people can hold reservations about diverse family forms but still be tolerant of others’ decisions. More Individualized Traditional / Conservative Viewpoint Negative outcomes for children are due to the diversification of family forms. traditional nuclear family is central for the maintenance of important social systems favor public policy that encourages this model Left / Liberal View Point Society can adjust to new family forms. Pluralism and diversity are viewed as beneficial to an important social system. Public policies should support families of all types Individualism and Families Defining and contextualizing individualism o Utilitarian Right, pulling yourself up by your bootstraps. o Expressive Left, emphasis on emotions. Marriage a status symbol o Symbolic value has gone up
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o Practical reason down What a Family is? Economics A. Dependents B. Economical Benefits C. Social Classes Cultural Context Personal development vs. country’s gain (differ across the globe) Western One Man, One woman East / Mideast Polygamy Extremes: 1. Only one way to define (one true form) 2. No clear definition o A group of 2 or more people (one of whom is the householder) related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together (U.S. Census 2005) o A family is any group of persons united by the ties of marriage, blood, or adoption, or any sexually expressive relationship in which, (1) the adults cooperate financially for their mutual support, (2) the people are committed to one another in an intimate interpersonal relationship, (3) the members see their individual identities as importantly attached to the group, and (4) the group has an identity of its own (DeGenova 2008). o All are necessary and sufficient to be considered a family. Forms of Family 1. Voluntarily Childless 2. Single-Parent 3. Nuclear 4. Family of Origin 5. Family of Procreation 6. Extended Family 7. Blended or Reconstituted Family (Stepfamily) 8. Binuclear 9. Polygamous (polygynous or polyandrous) 10. Patriarchal 11. Matriarchal 12. Gay or Lesbian 13. Cohabiting Studying Families
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o There is no single definition of family that is adequate for all purposes o How you define a family depends on research question. Positive: Good of the community Negative: Good of the company Public Family o The families’ contribution to the public welfare. The Free Rider Problem
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Test 1 Notes - Chapter 1 Public and Private Families Social...

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