Test 2 Notes

Test 2 Notes - Chapter 6 SEXUALITY History By...

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February 24, 2011 Chapter 6 SEXUALITY History By late-nineteenth and early twentieth century’s, two major categories developed o Heterosexual o Homosexual Distinctions between men and women weren’t there. So Same Sex intimate relations. . Not sexual. The Idea of sexual identity is a modern creation, didn’t exist in the 1900’s. Sexual Identities Sexual identity: A set of sexual practices and attitudes leading to the formation in a person’s mind of an identity as heterosexual, homosexual, or bisexual; helps us to define who we are o Ex. Gays in the military. The Emergence of Sexual Identities Sexual Acts vs. Sexual Identities o Only socially approved and socially disapproved activities. o Socially approved sex within marriage to procreate o Socially disapproved (all other acts oral sex, and homosexual sex) Sexual acts existed, sexual identities did not Concept of sexual identity needs o Self-consciousness o Self-examination Became medicalized around the 1900’s. o Gave people the opportunity to define themselves in the medical model. Emergence of “Heterosexuality and “Homosexuality”
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o Homosexuals were labeled mentally ill until 1973. o Then it removed homosexually from its list after 1973 Opposite sex attraction considered normal (mentally healthy) Beginning in late-nineteenth century, homosexual person was thought to be mentally ill 1973 American Psychiatric Association removed homosexuality from its list of mental disorders The Determinants of Sexual Identity Social constructionist perspective: Belief that human sexuality is entirely socially constructed Male and female sexual roles are the preferred. ( Who is the playing the masc. role isn’t considered homosexual) Integrative perspective: Belief that sexuality is determined by both social and biological factors Social Constructionist Perspective Kinsey report – 1948 bestseller containing thousands of interviews w/ men and women o Kinsey is zoologist and not a sociologist. o They were not a randomized sample (All the same age, white educated males) Half of all men in his sample reported erotic feelings towards men One-third had at least one sexual experience with another man Kinsey concluded that 10% of males were “more or less exclusively homosexual” for at least 3 yrs. Prevalence of four measures of same-sex sexual activity They are significantly different from Kinsley, but there is no clear cut line between sexuality.
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The Integrative Perspective The belief that human sexual identities are determined by both social and biological factors Some studies of twins link genetics to sexual orientation Using Twins: Fraternal Twins, Identical Twins, and Adopted Siblings.
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This note was uploaded on 06/13/2011 for the course SOCL 2505 taught by Professor Mecom during the Spring '06 term at LSU.

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Test 2 Notes - Chapter 6 SEXUALITY History By...

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