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Unformatted text preview: Final for SOCL 2001 The Structure of Society-The organizations, Social I nstitution- Social Structure: • The framework of society that exists that exists above the level of individuals and provides the social setting in which individuals interact with one another to form relationships • The relatively permanent patterns of interactions and relationships found within any given society Formal Structure: • Larger groups that come together for some common purpose. • The larger groups given a certain size and sense of permanence often become formal organizations • These organizations accomplish their goals through established personnel and highly defined rules and procedures Bureaucracy: • Is a large seale formal and hierarchical organization that is governed by formal rules and regulations and has a clear specification of work task. • According to Max Weber bureaucracies enabled societies to control their economies and state very efficiently. Max Weber: 1. Rationalization • Argued that with the move toward a bureaucratic way of organizing work like that there is corresponding change in the way we think and behave • He argued that we moved away from traditional ways of thinking about the world and replace it with a more logical calculated view of social life 2. The Protestant Ethic Final for SOCL 2001 • The Protestants (Calvinist’s) notion of predestination led to the early formation of capitalism. • 6 Features of Bureaucracy o Hierarchy authority structure o Avery specialized and division of labor o Written Rules and Regulations o Expertise or Technical Competence o Formal Written communications o Impersonality Negative Outcomes of Rationalization: 1. I ron cage of Rationalization a. Because everything within bureaucracies is so impersonal, he argues that social life becomes very dehumanizing b. You become just acog in a machine i. Mcdonaldization of Society 2. Negative Outcomes of Bureaucratization a. Trained incapacity i. Since we are depended on rules, we become incapable to work on the fly ii. We become dependent on the rules....
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This note was uploaded on 06/13/2011 for the course SOCL 2001 taught by Professor Mecom during the Spring '07 term at LSU.
- Spring '07