Socl. 2001-- TEST 2.

Socl. 2001-- TEST 2. - Chapter 5 Socialization Question How...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 5 Socialization Question How are the values of our society and the rules that govern our behavior passed along from one generation to another? Answer Socialization The process of social interaction by which individuals acquire the knowledge, skills, norms and values of their society and by which they develop their human potential and social identity Nature vs. Nurture Nature We are who we are because we were born that way Nurture We are who we are because of the way we were treated growing up Functions of Socialization First Allows for society to teach new generations the rules of conduct and behavior Second to provide the foundation on which an individual develops his/her personality as well as sense of self The Self the unique set of traits, behaviors, and attitudes that distinguishes one person from the next Active source Self can initiate action, usually directed toward others Passive source Direct these activities toward oneself Reflexive behavior
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Theories of Socialization Looking glass self Charles Cooley Uses mirror metaphor Different phases We imagine how we look to others We imagine how this effects how others judge us We develop a self feeling from this It is fluid Has potential to become self-fulfilling prophecy Role taking George Hebert Mead Role taking is the ability to use other people’s perspectives and expectations in formulating one’s own behavior Allows us to envision how others perceive us and what their response may be to some action we are contemplating Different stages The preparatory stage The play stage The game stage Socialization and Stratification Social structure Patterned behaviors and relationships between individuals, groups, and organizations that define our place in the social order Melvin Kohn Study Argument Parents social class affects how they socialize their children Differentiation between working class parent and middle class parent
Background image of page 2
Anticipatory socialization Process by which knowledge and skills are learned for future roles Working Class- blue collar, work with machinery that need supervision. Taught to respect authority Middle class- desk jobs that deal with ideas and relationships. They teach creativity, self- motivation, and they teach their children to question authority. Socialization by Race and Ethnicity Racial Socialization Aspect of socialization that contains specific messages and practices concerning the nature of one’s racial or ethnic status Racial minority socialization Varies from the majority racial population Receive messages from both the ‘mainstream’ world and also minority specific messages Racial and cultural pride Socialization by Gender and Sex Sex The actual biological traits of men and women Gender Refers to the roles associated with masculinity and femininity
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 06/13/2011 for the course SOCL 2001 taught by Professor Mecom during the Fall '07 term at LSU.

Page1 / 13

Socl. 2001-- TEST 2. - Chapter 5 Socialization Question How...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online