05-What is self.ppt

05-What is self.ppt - Who am I? What is the self? Lecture 5...

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1 Lecture 5 What is the self? “Who am I?” • Write 6 sentences answering this question • Every answer must start with “I ….” “Who am I?” • What is similar about what everyone’s? – Static, observable facts - positive traits – Generalizations, abstractions (teacher, not teaching) – Many answers could describe lots of people in here • What’s missing? – The flow of ongoing experience – Hopes for the future • Is it our past or our future that detemines who we are now? We are not billiard balls. • If you have a crush on someone, your hopes (with them) may completely define you for the moment • Defining ourselves from the outside “Who am I?” • What could we change about you and you still be you? – Name – Sick – Anti-depressants/Mood change – Attitudes & Preferences – Deserted island with no one you know – Amnesia (‘Memento’) “Who am I?” • What could we replace in your body and you still be you? – Your kidney – Your teeth – Your hair (e.g. after chemotherapy) – One neuron (with a silicon chip) – Five neurons – Your entire brain What is the self? “Know thyself” (Socrates) “Be all you can be” (U.S. Army) Self isn’t like a chair or lamp – Can’t see it or touch it, but we think about it all the time – Rows & rows of self-help books 2500 years of great philosophers can’t agree – Though they do have interesting ideas My goal today is to confuse you to the point that you stop thinking you know what the self is or the role it plays in your life.
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2 Paradoxical Self Metaphors • Self as controller and controlled – “I dragged myself out of bed” • Self as geographical location – “Are you out of your mind?” • Self in conflict with itself – “Why do you torture yourself?” Nightmares of the Self Nightmares of the Self • When you wake up, how do you know you are the same person you were – Dark City clip – Are they “the same person” each day? • Would you be upset to find out that you had been someone else yesterday? • Why does it matter to us? RELATION OF THE SELF TO THE BODY 460 B.C. – 350 B.C. Democritus (460 B.C.) • We are all made of atoms (and nothing but atoms) • The soul is physical (and made of atoms) Socrates (420 B.C.) • “Know thyself” • “The one thing I know is that I know nothing” – Acknowledge ignorance
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3 Plato (380 B.C.) • “ruler of the body, distinct from the body, and therefore can live on without the body” • First example of dualism – Democritus said mind and body were one – Plato says they are two separate things Aristotle (350 B.C.) • Self/soul is an emergent quality of the physical body – Hydrogen and oxygen aren’t wet but H 2 O is – Violin’s sound is result of how its built TEMPORAL ASPECTS OF THE SELF 1250 A.D. – 1736 A.D. St. Thomas Aquinas (1250)
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This note was uploaded on 06/13/2011 for the course PSYCH 135 taught by Professor Lieberman during the Fall '08 term at UCLA.

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05-What is self.ppt - Who am I? What is the self? Lecture 5...

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