Psych_115_-_Memory_Systems

Psych_115_-_Memory_Systems - PRINCIPLES OF BEHAVIORAL...

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PRINCIPLES OF BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE Memory Systems
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Learning and Memory There are different types of learning and memory (including the ability to learn about and remember complex experiences ), as well as the ability to learn skills and simple associations .
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Different Forms of Memory Declarative (explicit) memory is characterized by flexibly accessible, relational memory for past events and facts Memories underlying other learned behaviors (e.g. acquisition of skilled motor actions., stimulus– response habits, and some forms of Pavlovian conditioning) may collectively be termed "non-declarative" or implicit memory
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Memory Systems For declarative information, learning and memory requires encoding, consolidation and retrieval There seem to be separate mechanisms for carrying out these processes
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Sensory Processing Sensory systems have the job of processing the features of a stimulus sufficiently to identify it For example, the “what” (ventral) stream is responsible for processing the visual features of this animal and helping you to recognize it as a squirrel monkey face
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But … The Monkey Disappears As far as your ventral visual stream is concerned, the monkey is gone However, “out of sight” is not “out of mind” Somehow, your brain has a system that recognizes the fact that the monkey is still ‘there’, and you can still think about it and consider its presence nonetheless The capacity to appreciate object permanence is something that emerges, developmentally
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Working Memory This occurs because sensory systems relay information about that which they are processing to a working memory system There are several important things about this WM system: It integrates information about a thing that is coming in from multiple sensory domains (sight, smell, sound, etc.)
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This note was uploaded on 06/13/2011 for the course PSYCH 115 taught by Professor Shaine during the Spring '07 term at UCLA.

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Psych_115_-_Memory_Systems - PRINCIPLES OF BEHAVIORAL...

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