Distance Education � Strategies and Tools and Distance Education � A

Distance Education � Strategies and Tools and Distance Education � A

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Distance Education - Strategies and Tools and Distance Education - A Practical Guide
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Table of Contents Distance Education - Strategies and Tools and Distance Education - A Practical Guide ........................ 1 1. Distance Education: An Overview ...................................................................................................... 1 2. Strategies for Teaching at a Distance ................................................................................................. 4 3. Instructional Development for Distance Education ............................................................................. 7 4. Evaluation for Distance Educators ...................................................................................................... 9 5. Instructional Television ..................................................................................................................... 13 6. Computers in Distance Education .................................................................................................... 17 7. Print in Distance Education ............................................................................................................... 19 8. Strategie for Learning at a Distance ................................................................................................. 22 9. Distance Education: Research ......................................................................................................... 25 10. Interactive Videoconferencing in Distance Education ..................................................................... 28 11. Distance Education and the WWW ................................................................................................. 31 12. Copyright and Distance Education ................................................................................................. 34 13. Glossary of Distance Education Terminology ................................................................................. 37 i
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Distance Education - Strategies and Tools and Distance Education - A Practical Guide Distance Education at a Glance by Dr. Barry Willis Note With kind permission of Dr. Barry Willis -author- and the University of Idaho -producer- for the use within the Educational Aids Project CRYSTAL. Another use is not allowed and can result in compensation claims. This guide is available for free downloading from the University of Idaho web site www.uidaho.edu/evo/distglan.html New layout by Rainer Granzow/Project CRYSTAL 1. Distance Education: An Overview What is Distance Education? Within a context of rapid technological change and shifting market conditions, the American education system is challenged with providing increased educational opportunities without increased budgets. Many educational institutions are answering this challenge by developing distance education programs. At its most basic level, distance education takes place when a teacher and student(s) are separated by physical distance, and technology (i.e., voice, video, data, and print), often in concert with face-to-face communication, is used to bridge the instructional gap. These types of programs can provide adults with a second chance at a college education, reach those disadvantaged by limited time, distance or physical disability, and update the knowledge base of workers at their places of employment. Is Distance Education Effective? Many educators ask if distant students learn as much as students receiving traditional face-to-face instruction. Research comparing distance education to traditional face-to-face instruction indicates that teaching and studying at a distance can be as effective as traditional instruction, when the method and technologies used are appropriate to the instructional tasks, there is student-to-student interaction, and when there is timely teacher-to- student feedback (see Moore & Thompson, 1990; Verduin & Clark, 1991). How is Distance Education Delivered? A wide range of technological options are available to the distance educator. They fall into four major categories: Voice - Instructional audio tools include the interactive technologies of telephone, audioconferencing, and short-wave radio. Passive (i.e., one-way) audio tools include tapes and radio.
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