Spring 2020 Philosophy 101 Final Study Guide(1).docx - Spring 2020 Philosophy 101 Final Study Guide The final exam will consist of 50 multiple choice

Spring 2020 Philosophy 101 Final Study Guide(1).docx -...

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Spring 2020 Philosophy 101 Final Study Guide The final exam will consist of 50% multiple choice questions and 50% short answer questions. The short answer questions will be closely related to some of the study guide questions. ARISTOTLE 1.What is the difference between action-based versus virtue-based ethical theories?2.How does Aristotle distinguish between intellectual and moral virtues? What sorts of intellectualvirtues are there, and how do people come to acquire them? 3. What does Aristotle mean by “happiness”? What is the function of a human being? What is aperson’s “telos”? What is the Golden Mean?4. What characteristics did Aristotle recognize as virtues? How are these virtues generallycharacteristic of and valued by certain groups of people?5. According to Aristotle, would a moral ideal have to fight off temptation and struggle to be good? FEMINIST ETHICS6.What problems do feminist ethicists see in moral dilemmas such as the Heinz question or therunaway trolley problems? In contrast to male-oriented ethics, what does feminist ethics value? 7.For Rita Manning, what is the central priority of ethics? How do our duties to others arise? Do wehave equal responsibilities to all? Must we strive to be as giving as someone like Mother Theresa? 8. According to Manning, is taking a moral philosophy course the best way to become sensitive andmoral individuals? Why or why not?9.Does Manning think that we are obligated to help starving people in Africa? For Manning what arethe different objects of care? Besides persons, what else can be an object of care? 10. Nel Noddings claims that “variation is to be expected if the one claiming to care really cares.”

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