Textbook notes - Textbook notes Chapter 1 Psychology comes...

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Textbook notes Chapter 1: Psychology comes from 2 Greek words psyche (soul), logos (study of an object) Psychology’s literal meaning: “study of the mind” Psychology’s intellectual parents: philosophy and physiology 1879: Wundt opens first psychology laboratory Wundt: founder of psychology 1879: Also considered psychology’s date of birth According to Wundt, psychology’s primary focus was the consciousness Consciousness: the awareness of immediate experience 1883: Hall establishes first research laboratory in North America 1892: Hall plays a major role in the establishment of the APA Structuralism: Titchener Structuralism: based on the notion that the task of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how the elements are related Structuralism: identify and examine fundamental components of conscious experience (sensations, feelings, images) Structuralists depended on the method of introspection Introspection: systematic self-observation of one’s own conscious experience Limitations of introspection: no independent objective evaluation to a claim if you depend solely on an individual’s reflections. Functionalist: James Functionalism: based on the belief that psychology should investigate the function or purpose of consciousness, rather then its structure. James: Wanted to understand the continuous flow of thoughts, rather then static points (structuralism). James: stream of consciousness= continuous flow of thoughts.
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James: influenced by Darwin’s theory of natural selection Functionalists: more interested in how people adapt their behavior to the demands of the real world around them Functionalism fostered the development of two descendants that have dominated modern psychology: behaviorism and applied
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