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Running head: HEALTH PROMOTION PLAN Health Promotion Plan Kelly Kerr NURS-FPX4060 Capella University May 21, 2020
Tobacco Use Tobacco use is one of the topics for Healthy People 2020 to focus on and improve. The goal is “To reduce illness, disability and death related to tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure.” (“Healthy People 2020”, 2020). It’s important to prevent tobacco use because each year 480,000 Americans die from tobacco-related illnesses, that’s only one country (Smith, & Jackson, 2018). On top of the annual deaths, it’s stated that 16 million Americans suffer from at minimum one disease due to smoking (“Healthy People 2020”, 2020). Knowing the consequences of smoking is helpful but being able to understand why people continue to use tobacco can be useful when trying to convince them to not start smoking or to start cessation of smoking. Cigarettes contain nicotine, which is the substance that makes them addictive. Nicotine not only causes the addictive aspect but it also can increase a person’s heart rate, blood sugar, and blood pressure, it also can decrease the coronary blood flow (Smith, & Jackson, 2018). Unfortunately, the nicotine in cigarettes is the reason most people find it difficult to quit. They also fall into it being a habit. Another study noted that some people are afraid to quit due to weight gain. On average, when a person quits smoking they gain 10 pounds within the first year of smoking cessation (Rupprecht, Donny & Sved, 2015). For this topic the specific population I will be focusing on will be students in high school. The idea behind this educational plan would be for the school nurse to be the facilitator of this health plan. Wanting to focusing on this

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