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Unformatted text preview: TEST 2 STUDY SHEET THINK Chapter 7 Interest Groups 1. Define the following: Right-to-work laws.- Statues that prohibit union memberships as a condition of employment. Free-rider barrier.- The concept that individuals will have little incentive to join and contribute to a group if benefits go to members and nonmembers alike. Trade associations.- Organizations representing the interests of firms and professionals in the same general field. Access.- The opportunity to communicate directly with legislators and other government officials and hopes of influencing the details of policy. Friendly Incumbent Rule.- A policy whereby an interest group will back any incumbent who is generally supportive of the groups policy preferences, without regard for the party or policy views of the challenger. Political Action Committee.- (PAC) an organization created to raise and distribute money in election campaigns. Religious Right/Left.- Right: individuals who hold conservative views because of their religious beliefs. Left: individuals who hold liberal views because of their religious beliefs. 527 Committee.- Organizations created by individuals and groups to influence the outcomes of elections by raising and spending money that candidates and political parties cannot legally raise. Material benefits.- Training classes, insurance, travel discounts, selective benefits vs free rider benefits Solidarity benefits.- Social connections Purposive benefits.- Good feelings about supporting a cause you believe in Interest group.- An organization of people who join together voluntarily on the basis of some interest they share for the purpose of influencing policy. Class action lawsuit.- A lawsuit brought by one party on behalf of a group of individuals all having the same grievance 2. List and describe the six different categories of interest groups. Give at least two examples of each type. What kinds of policies might each support or oppose? Which type is most numerous and why? Business : Most numerous and influential. (Chambers of commerce (represent views of general business) & Trade Associations (represent sprecific business like oil producers)). Labor Unions : Strenght lately declining, favor policies benefitting workers(wages, increase jobs and hour laws). American Federation of Labor(AFL). Professional Associations : Support doctors, laywers, realtors, etc. Gives high socioeconomic status and is concerned with policies affecting its members. (American Medical Association & American Bar Association) Racial and Ethnic : Great influence, goals of equality and freedom of discrimination. (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People(NAACP), League of United Latin American Citizens, American Indian Movement) Religious Groups : historically involved in policy process. Right: most active, against abortions, gays, pray in school (Christian Coalition of America). Left: against war, poverty, environment (National Council of Churches)....
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This note was uploaded on 06/14/2011 for the course ENGINEERIN 2323 taught by Professor Firrozzi during the Spring '11 term at Texas San Antonio.
- Spring '11
- The Ambassadors