creatinga-bomb - Gomez-Farias 1 Unimaginable Side Effects...

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Gomez-Farias 1 Unimaginable Side Effects of the Atomic Bomb With many of the discoveries made by different scientists in the beginnings of the 1900’s, a possibility of creating a nuclear weapon surged. Ernest Rutherford’s discovery of the nucleus in 1911 led James Chadwick to discover in 1932 the most important discovery in developing the atomic bomb, the discovery of the neutron. The discovery of the neutron was so important because is made an ideal “bullet” for bombarding other nuclei. (“Chadwick” par 5-7). In the Second World War, world powers like Germany, Japan, Britain, and the U.S. understood that whoever developed an atomic bomb first would win the war. Understanding this, the race of creating the atomic bomb began. More discoveries made by scientists who escaped the fascism regimen of Mussolini and the frightening rule of the German Nazis to America ultimately led to the creation of the atomic bomb (“United States” par 2-3). In 1934, an Italian scientist, Enrico Fermi bombarded uranium with neutrons; he discovered that slow-moving neutrons are more effective than high-energy neutrons to bombard elements. Meitney and Frisch explained in a book they published that when an atom splits, the two halves are positively charged and they repel each other with powerful force; they named this “nuclear fission” (Prouty). After more than two decades trying to create the atomic bomb, the United States, under President Truman’s orders, dropped two atomic bombs in two major cities of Japan; Hiroshima and Nagasaki. These atomic bombs changed the world as how it was known to a complete different world. The atomic bombs had terrible effects towards the scientists while they created the bomb, towards civilians while it was being tested, and towards thousands of Japanese when the bombs were used.
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Gomez-Farias 2 Scientists were the first ones to suffer from the atomic bomb. Many scientist who fled Fascism for the United States or England like Fermi, Segre, Frisch, Bohr, Szilard, and Hahn among others, gathered with American physicists at the Fifth Washington Conference on Theoretical Physics to discus the atomic discoveries (“United States” par. 2). Albert Einstein, Leo Szilard, and Eugene Wigner, fled to the United States and
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This note was uploaded on 06/14/2011 for the course ENGINEERIN 2323 taught by Professor Firrozzi during the Spring '11 term at The University of Texas at San Antonio- San Antonio.

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creatinga-bomb - Gomez-Farias 1 Unimaginable Side Effects...

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