historyreview - Beans/maize/potatoes ColumbianExchange.The...

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“Looking East from Indian Country” Beans/maize/potatoes Columbian Exchange .-  The Columbian Exchange was the enormous widespread exchange of plants, animals, foods, human populations (including slaves ), communicable diseases , and ideas between the Eastern and Western hemispheres that occurred after Christopher Columbus landed in the Americas. It was one of the most significant events concerning ecology , agriculture , and culture in all of human history. Christopher Columbus ' first voyage launched an era of large-scale contact between the Old and the New Worlds that resulted in this ecological revolution: hence the name "Columbian" Exchange. The Columbian Exchange greatly affected almost every society on earth. New diseases (some from Asia) to which indigenous people had no immunity, depopulated many cultures. By some estimates, nearly 80 percent of the native population of the Americas was wiped out from the introduction of European diseases. [ citation needed ] On the other hand, the contact between the two areas circulated a wide variety of new crops and livestock which supported increases in population. Explorers returned to Europe with maize, potatoes, and tomatoes, which became very important crops in Eurasia by the 18th century. Similarly, Europeans introduced manioc and the peanut to tropical Southeast Asia and West Africa , where they flourished and supported growth in populations on soils that otherwise would not produce large yields. Portugal and England Eric the Red  – Norway, banned. establish a colony in England, sons and daughter move farther  west. First European thought to reach western hemisphere.  founded the first Nordic settlement in Greenland . John Smith .-  Captain John Smith (c. January 1580 – June 21, 1631) Admiral of New England was an English soldier , explorer , and author . He is remembered for his role in establishing the first permanent English settlement in North America at Jamestown, Virginia , and his brief
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association with the Virginia Indian [1] girl Pocahontas during an altercation with the Powhatan Confederacy and her father, Chief Powhatan . He was a leader of the Virginia Colony (based at Jamestown) between September 1608 and August 1609, and led an exploration along the rivers of Virginia and the Chesapeake Bay . His books and maps may have been as important as his deeds, as they encouraged more Englishmen and women to follow the trail he had blazed and colonize the New World . He gave the name New England to that region, and encouraged people with the comment, "Here every man may be master and owner of his owne labour and land...If he have nothing but his hands, he may...by industrie quickly grow rich." His message attracted millions of people in the next four centuries.
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