Preview - COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE In the columbian exchange the...

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COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE In the columbian exchange the Indians and Europeans exchanged knowledge and items of their cultures. The indians taught the Europeans how to grow crops. Some of these were maize, beans, and potatoes. On the other hand Europeans introduced horses, goats, rice, grapes and diseases to the Indians. An example of the exchange is when Squanto helped the Pilgrims grow their food. This exchange was significant because the diseases the Indians brought over killed many of the Indians which allowed Europeans to take their land. The exchange also helped the Europeans because they would have probably starved if they wouldn ʼ t have learned to grow food. ERIC THE RED In 1000 AD the vikings began to explore the North Atlantic ocean which was west of Europe. Eric the Red was the leader of a viking expedition to Greenland there he tried to settle but it failed. This expedition is considered the first attempt to expand westward. It was not followed through because Europe was not ready to expand just yet. But years later when explorers were reaching North America they used Eric the Red ʼ s exploration to proof that Europe was the first to encounter North America. JOHN SMITH John Smith was the captain that helped set up Jamestown. The Jamestown colony was made up of young men that really just looked for an adventure. There was not that much food and being that the settlers were young they hardly ever worked. John Smith was significant because he helped keep Jamestown alive by applying rules such as, “He who works not, eats not.” If it weren ʼ t for John Smith the first English colony in America would have failed and maybe delayed westward expansion. JOHN ROLFE Was sent to Jamestown after John Smith to try to keep the colony from failing. Since there was no minerals which was the original trade item the colony was going to trade. England sent John Rolfe so he could experiment with tobacco. He made tobacco have a better taste which made it a good trading commodity for the Virginia Company. If it weren ʼ t for John Rolfe, Jamestown wouldn ʼ t have succeeded in America as long as it did.
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