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Unformatted text preview: History 1053 Review Chapter 19 + Lecture Notes *The world economy 3 interlocking geographic regions 1) Industrial – primarily north eastern U.S and Western Europe; Industrial Core…2 nd IR….headquarters for all business activity 2) Agricultural – rest of the U.S., Eastern Europe, Russia, and half of Asia. The agricultural periphery. Supplied immigrant laborers to the industries in the core….these areas are experiencing tremendous changes….raw materials come from these green areas helping the Industrial areas 3) Third Region – Rest of the world. Vast area tied economically to the industrial core by colonialism. Immigration beginning in the 1880s, immigrants came from eastern and southern Europe. Railroad and Low steamship fairs. Push – War, Persecution, etc Pull – Work, Opportunity, Family, etc. Some would stay and live here, and others would get money and head back However, there was a lot of racism towards Jews, Italians, and Irish, etc… At times, ethnicity could dictate who got jobs….so did religion and culture Industrialization/mechanization Mechanization (the use of machines) also meant that industrialists could now replace skilled workers with lower-paid unskilled workers since with a little training these less educated workers could run the machines. These lower skilled workers came from eastern and southern Europe. Immigrants were the backbone; without them there would be no 2 nd Industrial Revolution The Workforce Skilled craftsmen – little bit of knowledge and had higher wages Unskilled – no skill, no job security, seasonal work, no workers comp, no old age pensions To make matters worse…machines broke down skilled and unskilled work, which cost people jobs Social Darwinism focus on the evolutionary hierarchy. focus on the evolutionary hierarchy....
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- Spring '11
- History, Laborer, Skilled workers, Farmers Alliance, lower-paid unskilled workers