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Unformatted text preview: Thursday-9/17/09 The Backbone of the American Economy The backbone of the American Economy- Labor, the common worker.-economy expands and we have second Industrial Revolution-society expands from immigration and people from rural areas coming into the cities. World divided into 3 interlocking regions Industrial core- composed of regions around the world where industrialism is taking room. 2 nd industrial revolution. Eastern United States, Europe. London and New York City. Capitalist Headquarters. Agricultural Domain- large expanses of territory devoted to agriculture. Experiencing tremendous changes. 1. A lot of raw materials needed in factories and industries come from the green areas. 2. Labor- Cost related to raw material, equipment and labor. Many people migrated from farms to factories for job opportunities. Why? American west has a concentration of wealth. Ex. Texas King Ranch. The Third World- Marked by legacies of colonialism. England, Spain, France acquired chunks of land and controlled areas and its people along with its resources. Many immigrants were jews who were being killed and harassed in eastern Europe. Why? Economic Reasons, Religious Reasons, Salvation from religious lifestyles. Many Italian and Mexican immigrants came back and forth. Circular Migration. Two major things helped attract- 1. The railroad and low steamship fares brought many people to America. 2. Capitalist loved cheap labor and were happy. Two major waves of European immigration. Pre-1880s- Northern and Western 1880s and beyond- Southern and Eastern Europe-Italy, Greece and Irish mostly discriminated. Race-Social construction. Racism a human creation. Social cultural constructions. People coming from southern and Eastern Europe were considered not that white. Nativist racist against European people. 1960- people amazed that an Irish catholic became president. Kennedy Jewish Immigrants- Harvard only allowed a certain number of jews. Considered strange and disgusting. Best Americans were Norbits-engalnd and germany. Considered drunks and other negative stereotypes. Senator Henry Lodge- immigration law of 1917- restricting immigration from Eastern Europe. C. Urban and Suburban Landscape . Thomas Edison- Electricity. People could move further away from their jobs with the invention of street cars. This allowed the development of middle class to separate from the class of the labor class. Social Segregation formed. Jacob Reese- Wrote a book and took many photographs of the working class. Work Class-people feared them for being thieves. Middle class stuck in the middle- disgusted with poor and rich for not helping the poor out. Rich people- 1%. Owned all resources....
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