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CASE STUDY ANALYSIS1Early Childhood Case Study Analysis: DawnAshley BowlingCapella UniversityAuthor’s Note:Ashley Bowling, School of Clinical Psychology; Spring Term; PSY 7210; Capella University:Dr. BosticContact Information: [email protected]
CASE STUDY ANALYSIS2IntroductionAccording to the American Psychological Association, developmental psychology is defined as “the study of human growth and development over the lifespan including physical, cognitive, social, intellectual, perceptual, personality and emotional growth (2020). To further understand developmental psychology, a case study analysis of Dawn will be presented. Dawn is a 4-year-old Black female, who, at first, had a good relationship with her parents. Her parents were very attentive and caring to her as a baby (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015, pp. 199). Whenever Dawn would become fussy or rebellious, Terry would always show Dawn love and affection. However, their relationship began to change when Terry and Bill had a new baby. Dawn now receives less attention from her parents, and as a result, she has begun to act out in school (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015, pp. 190). At age 4, it is imperative that preschool aged children learn secure attachment to ensure their relational and emotional well-being. To understand Dawn’s change in behavior, Bolwby’s attachment theory and Piaget’s cognitive development theory will be used. Play therapy can help Dawn communicate her experiences to Terry, which will also allow them to spend more time together (Wilson & Ray, 2018).Presenting Problem IssuesLike stated above, Dawn is having issues adjusting to the new addition of her brother, especially since he has medical needs that require more attention than an infant with non-medicalissues. Before the addition of her brother, Dawn received love and warmth from both of her parents, and as a result, developed a secure attachment to her parents. She was accustomed to playing with her parents and having a relationship with other children. However, after the addition of her medically fragile brother, Dawn received less attention from Terry because of the
CASE STUDY ANALYSIS3challenging demands that her brother needed. Whenever Dawn began to cry or become clingy, her mother would berate Dawn to stop. Terry’s beliefs that Dawn was so grown up and could do things on her own, made the situation worse. Due to the abrupt change in behavior from both Terry and Dawn, it could be a possibility that Dawn is experiencing symptoms of Reactive Attachment Disorder, as well (Mayo Clinic, 2017). Given Dawn’s age, it is imperative that she receives continuous love and support from her caregivers. ChallengesAs a result of Dawn’s straining relationship with her mother, she began to act out in her preschool morning sessions. When she would become upset, she would begin to throw toys around the classroom and even became uncooperative in group activities. Since Dawn does not have the cognitive ability to be express her feelings through words, she feels that the only way toreceive attention is by misbehaving. However, Dawn acting out only caused her mother to in