Week 3 Metaphysics

Week 3 Metaphysics - WEEK 3 READINGS 1 Week 3: Metaphysics...

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WEEK 3 READINGS 1 Week 3: Metaphysics INTRODUCTION After watching a science fiction movie or television show such as The Matrix or Star Trek, did you ever ask yourself the following questions: What is space? Why is there anything in the universe? Who created the universe? How did I get here? How do I know I exist? What happens after death? Is there an infinite, omnipotent, omniscient creator of all known as God? If wondering about your very existence makes you uneasy, know that you are not the first person to examine the nature of the universe and reality. Humans have turned—and still turn—to myths, science, and religion to explain the nature of reality and existence. Philosophers who question reality and the nature of existence study metaphysics. One of their most important subjects is considering the nature and existence of God, and this week you will do the same. LEARNING OUTCOME By the end of this week, you should be able to: Describe different views of "Ultimate Reality" Understand and compare the traditional arguments for God’s existence Explore the traditional answers to the "Problem of Evil"
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WEEK 3 READINGS 2 LEARNING RESOURCES Readings Course Text: The Big Questions: A Short Introduction to Philosophy o Chapter 3, “God” (pp. 65–105) Course Text: The Philosopher’s Way: Thinking Critically About Profound Ideas o Chapter 7, “Is There a Spiritual Reality? Exploring the Philosophy of Religion” (pp. 343–409) Web Sites http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/ Atheism Atheists are people who believe that god or gods are man-made constructs. Baha'i One of the youngest of the world's major religions. Buddhism A way of living based on the teachings of Siddartha Gautama. Candomblé A religion based on African beliefs, originating in Brazil. Christianity The world's biggest faith, based on the teaching of Jesus Christ. Hinduism A group of faiths rooted in the religious ideas of India. Islam Revealed in its final form by the Prophet Muhammad. Jainism An ancient philosophy and ethical teaching that originated in India. Jehovah's Witnesses A Christian-based evangelistic religious movement. Judaism Based around the Jewish people's covenant relationship with God. Mormonism The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Paganism Contemporary religions usually based on reverence for nature. Rastafari A young religion founded in Jamaica in the 1930s.
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WEEK 3 READINGS 3 Santeria Afro-Caribbean syncretic religion originating in Cuba. Shinto
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This note was uploaded on 06/14/2011 for the course PHIL 1001 taught by Professor Murrayskees during the Winter '10 term at Walden University.

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Week 3 Metaphysics - WEEK 3 READINGS 1 Week 3: Metaphysics...

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