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Lecture 2 - Thought experiments A thought experiment is a...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Thought experiments A thought experiment is a procedure for testing a philosophical hypothesis
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Example 1 Consider the philosophical hypothesis: Having freedom = being able to do whatever you want to do whenever you want to do it. Question: Is this hypothesis true? Answer: No. In our thought experiment, Alice is able to do whatever she wants to do whenever she wants to do it, but Alice is not free. Therefore, being able to do whatever you want to do whenever you want to do it is not the same as being free.
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Example 2 Consider the philosophical hypothesis: Being courageous = acting without any regard to your own welfare or safety, taking into account only the welfare of others Is this hypothesis true? Answer: No. In our thought experiment, Kevin has absolutely no awareness of, or regard for, his own welfare or safety. But he is not courageous – he’s crazy.
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Example 3 Consider the philosophical hypothesis: Living a good life = having as much pleasure as possible,
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