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Lecture 5 - The topic of Platos Meno Virtue(arete is the...

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The topic of Plato’s Meno Virtue (arete) is the excellent state of the soul. Meno wants to know: can people be taught to be virtuous? Socrates replies: we can’t find out whether virtue can be taught unless we first know what virtue is.
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What is …? In Latin, the question is: Quid est…? The answer to the question Quid est X? is the essence of X Examples: The answer to the question “what is water?” is the essence of water. The answer to the question “what is an imaginary number?” is the essence of an imaginary number. The answer to the question “what is freedom?” is the essence of freedom.
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What is virtue? Meno’s first answer: the virtue of a man consists of being able to manage public affairs; the virtue of a woman is to manage the home; the virtue of a child is something different; the virtue of an elderly man is something different still, etc. ( Meno , 71e1-8) Problem: What makes all of these different things virtue?
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What is virtue?
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