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Lecture 19 - what kind of freedom is it which is required...

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“what kind of freedom is it which is required for moral responsibility?” How can we answer this question? Campbell: by means of “the critical comparison of those acts for which, on due reflection, we deem it proper to attribute moral praise or blame to the agents, with those acts for which, on due reflection, we deem such judgments to be improper.” (FP, 511)
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Which acts are done freely? (I) “the act must be one of which the person judged can be regarded as the sole author.” (FP, 512) In other words: An agent never bears full responsibility for a collaborative effort, whether the collaboration is with other agents, or with non-agents.
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Which acts are done freely? (II) “a man can be morally praised or blamed for an act only if he could have acted otherwise.” (FP, 513) In other words: If there is only one way that it is possible for you to act, then your action isn’t free.
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Which acts are done freely? (III) “X is just as morally praiseworthy as Y or Z if he exerts an equivalent moral effort, even though
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