Lecture 20 - What sort of inequality is Rousseau talking...

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What sort of inequality is Rousseau talking about? “I conceive of two kinds of inequality in the human species: one which I call natural or physical, because it is established by nature and consists in the difference of age, health, bodily strength, and qualities of mind or soul. The other may be called moral or political inequality, because it depends on a kind of convention and is established, or at least authorized, by the consent of men. This latter type of inequality consists in the different privileges enjoyed by some at the expense of others, such as being richer, more honored, more powerful than they, or even causing themselves to be obeyed by them.” (Discourse, 16)
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What is it for something to be natural ? “it is no light undertaking to separate what is original from what is artificial in the present nature of man, and to have a proper understanding of a state which no longer exists, which perhaps never existed, which probably never will exist, and yet about which it is necessary to have accurate notions in order to judge properly our own present state.” (Discourse, 11-2)
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This note was uploaded on 06/16/2011 for the course PHIL 101 taught by Professor Ram during the Summer '11 term at University of North Carolina School of the Arts.

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Lecture 20 - What sort of inequality is Rousseau talking...

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